It is a ligament in the knee joint that controls anterior and posterior movements and ensures the stability of the knee. It starts from the upper back part of the thigh bone and attaches to the shin bone (tibia). Posterior cruciate ligament tear, this means partial or complete rupture of the ligament.
It usually occurs during sports injuries. The ligament can be strained and torn by impacts such as rapid posture changes, sudden turns, jumping or falling on the knee. It is a common injury in sports such as football, basketball, skiing, tennis and gymnastics. However, traumatic effects can also cause ligament damage.
What are the Symptoms of Posterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture?
The symptoms of the tear can be detailed as follows:
Posterior cruciate ligament tear During the procedure, a sudden and severe pain may be felt in the knee area. Pain occurs at the time of injury or immediately after it.
After the injury, swelling occurs rapidly in the area. Swelling occurs as a result of blood and fluid accumulation in the soft tissues around the knee.
After injury or during activity, the knee may feel like it's popping or falling out. The ability to make a safe and sound movement decreases.
Movement Restriction: Knee bending (flexion) and straightening (extension) movements may be restricted. It may be difficult to achieve complete freedom of movement.
Sensitivity and Touch Pain: Tenderness and touch pain may occur behind and on the side of the knee. The injury area becomes sensitive and pain may be felt when touched.
Audible Tearing: Tearing can sometimes be associated with an audible tearing sound at the time of injury or after. This voice posterior cruciate ligament tear or occurs with its rupture.
Joint Stiffness and Muscle Weakness: A feeling of stiffness may occur in the knee joint after the tear. Muscle weakness may also be observed. Such factors occur when the injury is long-lasting and the muscles cannot be exercised sufficiently due to limitation of movement.
How is Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tear Diagnosed?
Diagnosis is made through a comprehensive evaluation and imaging tests performed by an orthopedic specialist. The doctor performs a physical examination to evaluate the general condition of the knee and the patient's symptoms. Swelling, tenderness, joint stiffness, limitation of movement, signs of instability, and pain points are checked. Performs manipulation and movement tests.
MRI uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the knee joint. This test is the most commonly used method to diagnose tears and evaluate damage to other knee structures.
X-rays also evaluate bone structures and possible bone fractures. Although it is not sufficient to directly diagnose the tear, it can be done to exclude other injuries.
Lachman test, posterior cruciate ligament tear It is a frequently used test to detect instability in formation. Other tests may include posterior pull, pivot-shift, and arch testing.
The doctor listens carefully to the patient's injury history. Information such as how the injury occurred and when symptoms began are important.
Diagnosis is made through a combination of physical examination findings and imaging tests. The doctor uses this information to determine the severity of the injury, the type of tear, and other possible damage. Once the diagnosis is made, an appropriate treatment plan can be created.
Can a Person with a Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tear Play Sports?
The patient's ability to do sports depends on several factors. These factors include the severity of the injury, the method of treatment, the individual's recovery process, and the doctor's recommendations.
Conservative (non-surgical) or surgical methods can be applied in the treatment of cruciate ligament. Conservative treatment is preferred for small or partial tears. The treatment process includes exercise, physical therapy and rehabilitation programs. Surgical treatment is generally considered for complete tears or high-risk situations. The process of returning to sports is closely related to the treatment method.
Depending on the severity of the injury and the course of treatment, some sports posterior cruciate ligament tear It may be suitable for people with However, some may carry more risks. Low-impact and controlled sports (such as swimming or cycling) can often be done during the recovery period.
The person should discuss his or her treatment progress and timing of return to sports with his or her doctor. The doctor will evaluate the person's recovery process and determine their suitability for return to sports.