After Knee Prosthesis

After Knee Prosthesis

Knee replacement surgery is a frequently used treatment method for patients with severe knee arthritis or knee damage. This surgery is performed to reduce pain, improve knee function, and improve quality of life. After knee replacement The process is vital for the patient to recover quickly and effectively.

In what cases is knee replacement surgery performed?

After Knee Prosthesis

Knee replacement surgery is preferred when there is severe wear and tear on the knee joint. This wear and tear can occur due to a variety of health conditions. It can make it difficult for patients to perform their daily activities and causes pain and limitation of movement.

  • Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and is often associated with aging. As a result of the wear of cartilage tissue over time, pain, stiffness and limitation of movement occur in the joints. Knee replacement surgery may be recommended for patients with advanced osteoarthritis.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks the joints, causing wear and tear. This condition causes serious pain and deformation in the knee joints and requires surgery.
  • It is a type of arthritis that develops as a result of previous injuries to the knee (fractures, ligament injuries, etc.). Post-traumatic cartilage damage causes arthritis and impaired joint functionality over time.
  • Serious damage to the knee as a result of trauma causes the joint to deteriorate. Such situations make surgery necessary.
  • Excessive wear or destruction of the cartilage tissue in the knee joint causes pain and limitation of movement. In cases where conservative treatments (medication, physical therapy, injections) are insufficient, surgery may be recommended.

After knee replacement, patients should focus on pain management, physical therapy and regular doctor check-ups. The recovery process is a period that requires patience for the patient. To maximize the success of the surgery, it is important to follow the recommendations of the doctor and physical therapist.

How is Knee Replacement Surgery Performed?

How is Knee Replacement Surgery Performed?

Knee replacement surgery is a surgical procedure performed to treat painful and dysfunctional knee joints. The surgery is based on removing damaged joint surfaces and replacing them with artificial components.

Before the surgery, the patient's medical history is evaluated and a physical examination is performed. Imaging tests such as x-ray or MRI are performed to show the condition of the knee in detail.

Depending on the patient's current health condition, the use of some medications is temporarily stopped in order to reduce the risks of the surgery.

The surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia, so patients sleep and do not feel pain during the surgery. In some cases, spinal or epidural anesthesia may be preferred.

The surgeon makes a cut in the front of the knee joint, exposing the joint. Damaged cartilage and bone tissue are removed. The knee joint is prepared for placement of prosthetic components. At this stage, the ends of the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone) are shaped.

Joint parts made of metal and plastic are fixed to the bones in the correct position. After the prosthesis is placed, the joint space and range of motion of the knee are checked. After knee replacement, the cut area is closed using stitches, staples or adhesives.

The process after knee replacement surgery aims to return patients to daily activities and improve their quality of life.

What Should Be Considered After Knee Prosthesis?

After Knee Replacement Surgery

After knee replacementThere are important points for patients to recover quickly and effectively. Precautions and actions to be taken during this period will accelerate the healing process and contribute to the longevity of the prosthesis.

Pain is normal. Use painkillers recommended by your doctor regularly. Pain management helps you be more active and do physical therapy exercises.

Physical therapy is a critical part of the recovery process. Treatment is designed to increase the knee's range of motion, improve muscle strength, and restore normal gait. Do the exercises recommended by your doctor and physiotherapist regularly.

It is important to keep the incision clean and dry after surgery. Watch out for signs of infection and in any case, contact your doctor immediately.

Falls can cause serious injury and damage to the prosthesis. To reduce the risk of falls at home, secure rugs, remove clutter, and use assistive walking devices if necessary. You can extend its life by avoiding excess weight and stress. Avoid excess weight and stay away from activities that could damage your knee.

It is important to see a doctor regularly to monitor the condition of the prosthesis. Your doctor can detect potential problems early and recommend treatment measures when necessary. Take the medications recommended by your doctor regularly. Medications may be given to reduce the risk of complications after surgery. Vitamin and mineral supplements can also contribute to the healing process.

After knee replacement This period is an important recovery and adaptation period for patients. Following the recommendations of your doctor and physiotherapist will accelerate recovery. It ensures the successful functioning of the knee prosthesis.