Degrees of Meniscus Tears

It is a tear or damage to the cartilage tissues in the knee. It usually occurs due to sports injuries or aging-related degeneration. Degrees of meniscus tears It is classified into 3 different types. Light, Medium and Heavy Tears

1st Degree Tear:

It usually means that there is a small tear or scratch on the surface. These types of tears are usually minor and do not cause severe pain, but they can restrict the mobility of the joint.
It is usually treated with conservative treatment methods. These treatments include rest, ice application, pain medications, physical therapy and exercises. The goal of treatment is to reduce pain and swelling, strengthen the muscles, and help the meniscus heal.

2nd Degree Tear

It contains some and often causes swelling and pain. It is a condition that occurs when the cartilage tissue in the knee is damaged. Depending on the location of the tear, it can cause pain, swelling, stiffness and limitation of movement of varying severity.
Treatment options may include rest, ice therapy, medications, physical therapy, immobilization or surgery. treatment options, Degrees of meniscus tearsis determined according to the size of the tear and the patient's symptoms. Your doctor will perform an examination and necessary tests to recommend the most appropriate treatment method for you.

3rd Degree Tear

It is completely torn and usually results in locking, pain and swelling in the knee. In this case, surgical intervention may be required. They are cartilage structures located in the knee joint, and they not only ensure the stability of the knee and act as a shock absorber, but also play an important role in the movements of the joint. It is an injury that usually occurs as a result of a sudden movement or blow to the knee joint. A meniscus tear usually manifests itself with symptoms such as pain, swelling, fluid accumulation, and limitation of movement.

Third degree tears usually require surgical intervention. During surgical intervention, tissue or artificial material taken from the immune system is placed in place of the tear, allowing it to fulfill its function. During the treatment process, supportive treatments such as physiotherapy and medication are also used. But in each case, how effective the treatment will be depends on the location, size and shape of the tear and the general health of the patient. Degrees of meniscus tears While 1st tears usually heal on their own, treatment of 2nd and 3rd tears usually requires surgical intervention.

 

Meniscus Tear Degrees Test

McMurray Test:

This test is used to detect tears in the knee. During the test, the knee is bent and it is investigated whether there is a clicking or pain in the area of the meniscus in the bent knee. Bending and extending the knee during the test may give different results depending on the size and shape of the tear.

Apley Test:

This test is used to detect tears in the knee. During the test, the patient is asked to lie face down on his/her knee and bend the knee. Then, in the position where the knee is bent, the foot is asked to rotate and the knee to be pressed to the ground. During this procedure, pain and movement limitations are investigated. Degrees of meniscus tearsIt is usually diagnosed with an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) test. An MRI shows the location, size and shape of the tear. According to MRI results, the degree of tear is determined and an appropriate treatment plan is created.

Meniscus Tears Healing Process

The healing process of patients usually takes 4-6 weeks. In the first weeks, patients should usually start by resting and doing physical therapy. During this time, patients are recommended to use ice compresses to reduce pain and swelling.

Afterwards, patients may need to strengthen the area of injury by performing physiotherapy exercises and muscle strengthening exercises. This usually takes 6-8 weeks. Physiotherapy exercises can help the injured meniscus heal, and muscle strengthening exercises can help the knee become more stable.

The healing process is generally faster with non-surgical treatments, that is, in cases where the tear does not require surgery. These treatments may include rest, ice compresses, painkillers and physiotherapy. After applying these methods, patients' pain usually decreases within a few weeks.

In summary, Degrees of meniscus tears The healing process may vary from person to person and depending on the treatment method. The healing process after surgery can often take longer, but patients treated with non-surgical treatments often recover faster.