What is Meniscus Tear?

What is Meniscus Tear?

It is the damage to the cartilage structure called meniscus in the knee joint. Meniscus tear It usually occurs as a result of sudden turning movements or heavy loads. It is frequently seen in athletes and manifests itself with symptoms such as pain, swelling and limitation of movement. Treatment may include rest, physical therapy, or surgery. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment accelerates the healing process and prevents complications.

What are the symptoms of meniscus tear?

What is Meniscus Tear?Localized and occasionally severe pain is felt in the knee. The tear usually causes pain by affecting the nerve endings at the edge of the meniscus. Meniscus tear There may be swelling in the knee afterwards. Depending on the type and severity of the tear, swelling may occur immediately or develop over several hours. A feeling of sticking or locking may be experienced in knee movements. It usually occurs when parts of the tear prevent joint movement.

Because of the tear, it may become difficult to fully bend or straighten the knee. It may occur especially when the tear restricts the range of motion in the knee. Night pains may be felt after activities or after standing for long periods of time. This may occur because the tear leads to inflammation and tissue reactions. Meniscus tear If you are experiencing any of the symptoms, it is important to consult an orthopedic specialist. Your doctor can make a diagnosis through physical examination and, when necessary, imaging tests (such as MRI). He or she can recommend appropriate treatment.

What Causes Meniscus Tear?

It may be caused by sudden turning movements in sports such as football, basketball and tennis. Meniscus tissue weakens over time and becomes more easily torn with age. Excessive load on the knee for a long time, especially in those who do extreme sports or heavy work meniscus tear may increase the risk. Degenerative joint diseases such as osteoarthritis weaken the tissue, leading to tearing.

It can also be seen as a result of traumatic events such as falling on the knee or a car accident. Some people may have naturally weak menisci, which can increase the risk of tearing. It manifests itself with symptoms such as pain in the knee, swelling, a feeling of locking, and sometimes aches felt on the inside of the knee. Meniscus tear treatment It is usually determined by the size and type of the tear and the patient's lifestyle.

What are the Treatment Methods for Meniscus Tear?

What is Meniscus Tear?Small and asymptomatic tears can be treated with methods such as rest, ice application, and avoiding load on the knee. Physical therapy and exercise programs are recommended to strengthen the knee and increase its flexibility. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to reduce pain and inflammation. It is aimed to reduce pain and inflammation by injecting steroids and hyaluronic acid into the knee.

Repairing the torn area with stitches is preferred in young and active individuals. Meniscus debridement is applied. This is the surgical removal of torn pieces. If meniscus tear If it is large and has a low chance of healing, the torn piece may need to be partially or completely removed. New techniques such as biosupported meniscus repairs have been developed. Techniques aim to repair it using materials such as growth factors. Treatment selection is determined individually, taking into account the patient's lifestyle, activity level and general health condition. It is important to carefully follow your doctor's recommendations and instructions during the treatment process.