It is the procedure performed when excessive wear of the knee joint causes functional disorders. total knee prosthesis During the procedure, damaged bone and cartilage tissues on the joint are removed. An artificial prosthesis is implanted in its place. This prosthesis reduces pain and increases mobility by restoring movement in the joint. It is a treatment method that aims to improve the quality of life.
In Which Situations Is Total Knee Prosthesis Applied?
It is applied when the knee joint is seriously damaged due to arthritis. It may be considered when symptoms such as pain, stiffness and limitation of movement occur. Autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can lead to inflammation in the joint. It may be an option if medications and other treatment methods are ineffective.
It may be necessary when serious fractures occur on bone or joint surfaces. It may be considered in cases where there is serious damage as a result of trauma. It is used if painful deformities prevent the person from living a normal life. It can also be applied when other treatment options are inadequate.
Cystic lesions in bone can cause pain and damage. These situations may also require it. total knee prosthesisIt is often used to improve the patient's quality of life and relieve knee pain. However, you should consult with your doctor to determine whether there is an appropriate treatment option for each patient. Your treatment option may vary depending on the severity of your disease, your age, health condition, and personal preferences.
Total Knee Prosthesis Stages
The first step is to evaluate the patient's pain and functional limitations. Treatment options are discussed, taking into account the patient's health history, age, activity level and other factors. The doctor performs a physical examination of the knee.
He or she may refer to investigations such as x-rays, MRIs, or other imaging tests. This is necessary to assess damage to the joint. The patient follows the preoperative instructions and preoperative preparations are made.
Blood tests and other laboratory examinations may be performed. Anesthesia options such as general anesthesia or epidural anesthesia are evaluated. The appropriate one is chosen for the patient's comfort. The surgical team makes an incision to access the damaged area.
Necessary steps are taken to open the knee joint and damaged tissues are removed. The damaged joint surface is replaced with a metal and plastic implant. The prosthesis is fixed in or on the bones. The incision is closed with stitches or clips. The patient is kept under observation in the hospital for a few days after the surgery.
A physical therapy program is initiated and the patient begins exercises to regain mobility. The patient has regular check-ups to make sure the prosthesis is working properly and healing is going well. The prosthesis may require long-term use and maintenance.
Every patient is different and total knee replacement The process requires a personalized approach. Therefore, the surgery plan and recovery process may vary for each patient. It is important to follow your doctor's recommendations before and after surgery.
What Should Be Considered After Total Knee Prosthesis?
You should attend physical therapy sessions regularly as directed by your doctor. The sessions will help you increase your joint mobility and regain muscle strength.
You should regularly use painkillers prescribed by your doctor. It is very important to follow the instructions for the medications. To prevent wound infections, you should pay attention to stitching and wound care.
You should clean and dress the wound as recommended. You should do the exercises regularly. Exercises help you regain joint mobility and increase muscle strength.
You should avoid excessive weight gain after surgical intervention. Excess weight can put extra stress on your prosthesis and shorten the life of the implant. You should try to maintain your balance while walking and moving.
You must be careful to avoid falling to the ground. Normally, pain and swelling are experienced after surgery. However, if you experience extreme pain or abnormal swelling, you should consult your doctor immediately. You must comply with the stated usage restrictions. You may need to avoid certain activities, especially for a certain period of time.
You should go for regular check-ups with your doctor after the surgery. It is important to follow the recommendations and monitor your progress. Your prosthesis may not last a lifetime. It may need maintenance or replacement in the coming years. You should follow the follow-up program recommended by your doctor.
total knee prosthesis recovery process after surgery may vary from person to person. Following your doctor's recommendations and instructions is critical for a faster and healthier recovery process. You should contact your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.