What is Gout?


It is a condition that occurs as a result of excessive uric acid accumulation in the body and causes joint inflammation. Gout It is characterized by symptoms such as severe pain, swelling and redness. It usually occurs in the big toes and other joint areas. Factors such as nutritional habits, genetic factors and lifestyle play a role in the development of gout. It is possible to control symptoms with appropriate treatment.

Gout Symptoms

What is Gout?Its symptoms are generally characterized by sudden onset and severe pain. Severe joint pain usually begins in the big toes. Swelling, redness and tenderness in the joint. Sudden and severe attacks of pain, especially at night or in the morning. Joint stiffness and limitation of movement. In some cases, fever, headache or fatigue. Pain when urinating, changes in urine color (due to uric acid stones).

Formation of petrified lumps under the skin along with increased sensitivity in the joints. These gout are typical features of symptoms. However, each patient may be affected differently and symptoms may vary. As the disease progresses, complications may develop. Therefore, it is important to recognize and treat symptoms early.

Gout Disease Risk Factors

Consumption of foods containing high amounts of purine (red meat, seafood, alcoholic beverages) may increase the risk. Being overweight can cause more uric acid production in the body. This may increase the risk of the disease. People with a family history of the disease are more likely to develop the disease due to genetic factors. in men gout It is more common in women, but an increased risk may be observed in postmenopausal women.

Although it is usually seen between the ages of 30-50, it can develop in any age group. Some medications can trigger the development of the disease. Conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and kidney diseases may also increase the risk. The presence of these risk factors may increase individuals' risk of the disease. However, risks can be reduced with healthy lifestyle choices and appropriate treatment.

Gout Disease Treatment Methods

What is Gout?Painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to control acute attacks. In long-term treatment, uric acid-lowering medications such as allopurinol are used to reduce seizures and uric acid levels. In addition to medication, medications such as colchicine can be used to reduce pain and prevent attacks. Reducing or controlling consumption of foods containing purines (red meat, seafood, alcoholic beverages).

Drinking plenty of water and staying hydrated. Physical activity regulation and weight control. Limiting or completely cutting out alcohol consumption. Monitoring uric acid levels with regular blood tests. Regularly follow the medications and treatment plan recommended by your doctor. Gout disease treatment, may vary depending on the individual situation and the severity of symptoms. The doctor provides guidance to determine the appropriate treatment plan and control the symptoms of the disease.