Symptoms of Meniscus in the Knee

Meniscus Symptoms

It is a condition that occurs when one or both cartilage structures called menisci in the knee are damaged. They are semi-moon-shaped cartilage structures located in the joint, provide stability and have shock absorbing properties. Meniscus symptoms may vary from person to person.

What are the Symptoms of Meniscus?

Symptoms of meniscus disease may appear differently from person to person.

  1. The most common symptom is knee pain. Pain may vary depending on its location, type and severity. It may be concentrated in the middle or on the inside or outside.

  2. Swelling is usually concentrated at the site of damage and occurs as a result of fluid accumulation around it.

  3. In large tears, its fragments may cause locking in the joint. In this case, it suddenly locks and cannot be moved. It may then open on its own, but it may recur.

  4. You may experience a feeling of tightness or weakness in the area. Fragments of cartilage can impede the joint during movement, resulting in a sticking sensation.

  5. In this case, the knee swells, becomes full, and may become stiff.

  6. Range of motion may be limited. Pain and limitation may be felt, especially in bending or rotating movements.

Meniscus symptoms It can generally vary depending on its type and severity. If in doubt, it is important to consult a doctor and get a proper evaluation.

Meniscus Symptoms

How to Prevent Meniscus Symptoms?

It occurs as a result of traumatic events such as sports activities or excessive load on the knee. However, it can sometimes occur over time through wear or the aging process. Meniscus symptoms It may vary from person to person, and in some cases, the tear may not cause any symptoms.

It is important to consult an orthopedist or sports medicine physician. The doctor will listen to the patient's story, perform a physical examination, and order imaging tests. A professional evaluation is required for a correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.

Meniscus Disease Treatment Types

For small or medium-sized tears, conservative treatment is performed to relieve symptoms and promote healing. These treatment methods include rest, ice application, activities that reduce the load on the knee, and medications.

Meniscus symptoms Depending on the type and location of the tear, it may be performed surgically. In this method, it is usually repaired using stitches or screw-like devices. Repair is a preferred option for young and active people. Because it ensures the stability of the joint by preserving its natural tissue.

If it is too large or poorly located to repair, part of it may need to be surgically removed. This procedure involves removing the damaged portion of the tear, with care taken to preserve its healthy tissue.

In severe cases, complete removal may be necessary. In this case, another meniscus taken from donor tissue can be transplanted. It is a complex procedure and is rarely performed.

Healing Process After Meniscus Treatment

It occurs when the cartilage structures called meniscus in the knee are damaged and is a problem frequently seen in athletes. Meniscus treatment includes conservative or surgical, depending on the severity and type of injury. The recovery process after treatment varies depending on the treatment method, the patient's general health condition and the severity of the injury.

Conservative treatment is generally preferred for mild meniscus injuries. Physical therapy may include rest, ice application, and anti-inflammatory medications.

During this period of the healing process, it is important to rest the knee and avoid weight bearing. Ice application and anti-inflammatory medications can help reduce swelling and pain.

Patients usually begin physical therapy after a few weeks. Physical therapy is aimed at increasing the flexibility and strength of the knee, as well as promoting better healing of the meniscus.

Patients can gradually return to normal activities, usually within 4-8 weeks. This process depends on the patient's recovery speed and response to physical therapy.

Surgical treatment is usually necessary for more serious meniscus injuries. It may involve repairing the meniscus or removing the damaged part of the meniscus (meniscectomy).

After surgery, the knee is usually immobilized with a bandage or splint. It is recommended to apply ice and keep the knee in an elevated position for the first few days.

A few days or weeks after surgery, most patients begin a physical therapy program. Physical therapy is critical to regaining mobility and strength of the knee.

The full recovery process for patients who undergo surgical repair is generally longer and may take 3-6 months. Patients who undergo meniscectomy generally have a shorter recovery period. However, the time to return to full activity level may still vary from several weeks to several months.

After both treatment methods, regular exercise should be done to protect your knee and prevent injuries. Meniscus symptomsSymptoms may include pain, swelling, limitation of movement, and a feeling of locking in the knee. These symptoms may vary depending on the severity and location of the injury.